Instituto de Óptica «Daza de Valdés»
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Mónica Fernández-Perea, Juan I. Larruquert1, José A. Aznárez, José A. Méndez, Luca Poletto, Fabio Frassetto, A. Marco Malvezzi, Daniele Bajoni, Angelo Giglia, Nicola Mahne, and Stefano Nannarone

Abstract

The optical constants n and k of holmium (Ho) films were obtained in the 3–1340−eV range from transmittance measurements performed at room temperature. Thin films of Ho with various thicknesses were deposited by evaporation in ultra high vacuum conditions and their transmittance was measured in situ. Ho films were deposited onto thin C-film substrates supported on high transmittance grids. Transmittance measurements were used to obtain the extinction coefficient k of Ho films. The refractive index n of Ho was calculated with Kramers−Krönig analysis; in order to do this, k data were extrapolated both on the high and on the low energy parts of the spectrum by using experimental and calculated k values available in the literature. Ho, similar to other lanthanides, has a low-absorption band below the O2,3 edge onset; the lowest absorption was measured at ∼22 eV. Therefore, Ho is a promising material for filters and multilayer coatings in the energy range below the O2,3 edge in which most materials have a large absorption. Good consistency of the data resulted from the application of f and inertial sum rules.