Why is Adachi procedure successful to avoid divergences in optical models?

Juan I. Larruquert and Luis V. Rodríguez de Marcos

Abstract

Adachi proposed a procedure to avoid divergences in optical-constant models by slightly shifting photon energies to complex numbers on the real part of the complex dielectric function, ε1. The imaginary part, ε2, was ignored in that shift and, despite this, the shifted function would also provide ε2 (in addition to ε1) in the limit of real energies. The procedure has been successful to model many materials and material groups, even though it has been applied phenomenologically, i.e., it has not been demonstrated. This research presents a demonstration of the Adachi procedure. The demonstration is based on that ε2 is a piecewise function (i.e., it has more than one functionality), which results in a branch cut in the dielectric function at the real photon energies where ε2 is not null. The Adachi procedure is seen to be equivalent to a recent procedure developed to turn optical models into analytic by integrating the dielectric function with a Lorentzian function. Such equivalence is exemplified on models used by Adachi and on popular piecewise optical models: Tauc-Lorentz and Cody-Lorentz-Urbach models.